Many of us spend the warm weather outdoors, barbecuing, camping, hiking, swimming. Although the itchy mosquito bites are typically associated with summer, mosquitos can be relentless and be a major pest, in the spring and even into the fall.
Why do Mosquitoes Bite?
Mosquitoes are small flying insects, but they don't actually "bite". They pierce the skin to reach a person's blood vessels to access a source of protein for the female's eggs. Male mosquitoes do not consume blood.
While most mosquitoes are harmless, others may carry dangerous diseases, such as malaria, in certain parts of the world. In rare cases, mosquito bites can cause other complications.
What does a mosquito bite on the eyelid look like?
A mosquito bite on the eyelid typically causes redness and inflammation of the eyelid and the surrounding area.
Since the tissue around the eye is loose, fluid accumulation and inflammation following an insect bite is common. In severe cases, it can even inhibit the eye from opening, especially after lying down, as the fluid gravitates to that area.
The skin around the eye is sensitive, so the itching and discomfort from a bite on the eyelid may feel particularly intense. Rest assured that most of the time the itchiness lasts only a few days, but try to avoid rubbing your eyes as it can exacerbate the swelling and irritation.
Are Mosquito Bites on the Eyelid Dangerous?
Usually not, but they can cause severe itching and swelling.
Young children are at a higher risk for acute swelling from a mosquito bite, as they tend to have a stronger immune response than adults do. While your child's eye may look concerning, the inflammation should naturally subside within a few days.
Signs of an infected mosquito bite
Although uncommon, there are instances when a mosquito bite can become infected and require medical attention. Here are some signs to look out for:
- An eyelid that develops a deep red appearance
- An eyelid that is hot and hard to the touch
- Discharge from the eye
- Intense pain around the eye
- Swelling doesn't subside after 2-3 days
Sometimes, if the bite becomes infected, the infection will spread to the second eye and symptoms will likely be apparent in both eyelids.
If you're experiencing any of these symptoms or if your vision is affected by your swollen eyelid, contact us for an eye exam and to determine the best course of treatment. If the eyelid isn't infected, the following home remedies may help.
Home Remedies to Reduce Eyelid Discomfort and Swelling
Try these tips to help relieve your discomfort and promote healing.
- Cold Compresses. Place a cold, wet compress on your eye for around 20 minutes, 2-3 times per day to reduce the swelling and numb the itchiness. Be sure that the compress is not too cold as it can damage the skin around your eye.
- Allergy Medicine. Take an antihistamine, either in liquid or tablet form, to reduce itching and inflammation. Be sure to read the directions on the bottle for proper dosage information.
- Eye Drops. Eye drops can help further reduce inflammation and provide additional relief, especially if your vision is being affected. Vasoconstrictor eye drops are generally recommended to reduce the swelling of the blood vessels in the eyes. These drops should be used sparingly as they can cause a rebound effect - making the eyes red once they heal. It's best to consult with your eye doctor before using any eye drops, just to be sure.
Most mosquito bites will heal on their own without any need for additional treatment. However, the eyelid is a sensitive area and may require special care to speed up the healing process.
Experiencing symptoms of an infected mosquito bite on the eye? Have any questions or concerns about your eye health or vision? We're here to help! Simply contact University Optometry in Palo Alto and one of our professional eye care professionals will be happy to assist.
What is an eye infection?
An eye infection is a condition in which viruses, bacteria or other microbial agents attack the eye, causing itchy and red eyes. The infection can also affect the eyelid, cornea, and conjunctiva (the thin area that covers the inside of the eyelids and outer part of the eye).
What are the typical symptoms of an eye infection?
Usually people with an eye infection experience at least one of the following:
Eye pain, persistent itching, grittiness, sensitivity to light, watery eyes, fluid discharge, blurred vision, irritation, swelling and dryness. These symptoms can often be confounded with dry eye disease. To determine the source of the issue and receive optimal treatment, contact University Optometry today.